The Diflucan composition and the form
Diflucan is a synthetic drug and a representative of a new class of antifungal agents. Its active ingredient is fluconazole. This medicine can be produced in some different forms:
1) capsule (1 capsule contains 50, 100, 150 and 250 mg of fluconazole) – 7 pcs. in the package;
2) solution for intravenous injection (1 ml – 2 mg of fluconazole) – 50 ml glass vial;
3) a suspension for oral using (5 ml of suspension contains 50 and 200 mg of fluconazole) – 60 ml plastic bottle is completed with a dosing spoon.
Diflucan has antifungal activity.
Indications for taking
- Candidiasis of the mucous membranes;
- Cryptococcal infection and meningitis;
- Fungal infections of the skin;
- Prevention of fungal infections in patients with malignant tumors;
- Systemic candidiasis;
- Vaginal candidiasis;
For adults Diflucan is prescribed orally or intravenously 5-10 ml per minute. In systemic candidiasis diflucan starting dose is 100 mg a day, and after that 200 mg daily. In the case of mucosal candidiasis (excluding vaginal) the patient should take 50 mg once a day for 7-30 days. In the case of vaginal candidiasis a Diflucan single dose is 150 mg. Cryptococcal meningitis – 400 mg (first day), then 200-400 mg once a day for 6-8 weeks.
For children Diflucan is prescribed orally or by intravenous injection of 1-2 mg per 1 kg of body weight per day in the superficial candidiasis, with systemic candidiasis and cryptococcal infections – 3-6 mg per 1 kg of body weight per day.
- Anaphylactic reaction;
- Changes in liver function and kidney;
- Pain in the abdomen;
- Diflucan hypersensitivity.
Pregnancy and lactation
During pregnancy and lactation periods it is not recommended to use Diflucan.
Interaction with alcohol
All dosage forms Diflucan should be stored at temperatures not above 30 ° C. Expiry date of capsules and solution for intravenous administration is 5 years and for suspension – 2 years.