Endometriosis Risk factors

Endometriosis Risk factors

PURPORTED RISK FACTORS

 

  1. Reproductive age
  1. Mean age at diagnosis is 25 to 29 years.
  2. Adolescents are more likely to have Mullerian duct anomalies or cervical or vaginal obstruction.
  3. Postmenopausal women are more likely to be on estrogen replace­ment therapy.
  4. Socioeconomic status: suggestion of greater risk for upper socioeco­nomic status (difference possibly from health care-seeking behaviors)
  5. Family history: primarily first-degree relatives (mother, sister, first cousin), although no clear inheritance pattern
  6. Menstrual characteristics: shorter cycles (< 27 days), longer flow

(> 7 days), and greater menstrual pain

 

  1. Somatotype

 

  1. Weight: peripheral predominance of body fat among affected women under 30 years of age (i.e., risk inversely related to waist-to-hip and waist-to-thigh ratios)
  2. Height: greater risk for tall women (> 166 cm)

 

  1. Reproductive history: history of infertility and impaired fecundity (e.g., t spontaneous abortion)

 

 

FACTORS DECREASING RISK.

 

1.Strenuous exercise: physical exercise, especially if begun early and practiced regularly

  1. Cigarette smoking: early and regular use. (Careful interpretation of these preliminary findings is warranted, especially in light of health hazards associated with smoking.)

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