CLOMID is a medicine often prescribed to treat female infertility. CLOMIPHENE citrate is its active substance and it has anti-estrogenic effect. It competes with estrogen to get to specialized receptors in vagina, endometrium and the hypothalamus.
CLOMID acts causing an increased gonadotropins production. Gonadotropins are hormones initiating the growth of eggs in the ovary (one egg or more). After that, the release of the mature egg (or ovulation) may come itself or after adding some another medication. The major pregnancy hormone (progesterone) is produced by the empty egg follicle. While taking CLOMIPHENE, a woman may also need to take other progesterone or estrogen supplements.
The mechanism of CLOMID’s action can be described in a more simple way. This medication influences several receptors in the body which regulate production and release of hormones participating in the ovulation process. The major ones are FSH (the follicular stimulating hormone) and GnRH (the Gonadotropin-releasing hormone).