A yeast infection, often called the thrush, is developed at most women one time at least. Usually it is not dangerous but can cause a discomfort, especially if the episodes are repeated often.
The typical symptoms of the thrush are:
- An itching around vagina
- A pain during sexual intercourse
- Burning sensation when urinating
- Vaginal discharges – no smell, can be wet and almost transparent or thick and white, resembling the consistency of cottage cheese. Sometimes thrush occurs without secretion.
- Sometimes there are more serious symptoms when there is the thrush:
5.1 Redness of vagina and vulva
5.2 Cracked skin around vagina
5.3 Swelling of vagina and vulva
Small lesions on the skin around the genitals (this is relatively rare and is usually a sign of the presence of other fungal infections, or herpes virus – the virus that is the causative agent of genital herpes).
Doctors are originator ed complicated and uncomplicated thrush depending on the symptoms and their occurrence’s frequency. In the first case the first episode of thrush is repeated rarely. In the second case there are severe symptoms and episodes, repeated four times a year and more often.
Consult your doctor if:
You notice the thrush’s symptoms for the first time;
You are aged 16 or over 60 years;
You are pregnant or suspect that you may be pregnant;
You are breastfeeding;
You experience abnormal menstrual bleeding or the blood’s discharge between periods.
You often have pain in your lower abdomen;
The symptoms are different from those that were in previous episodes of the thrush (for example, the fluor of a different color and/or odor);
You have blisters and/or sores in vagina and vulva;
You had 2 or more episodes of the thrush during the last six months;
You or your sexual partner was previously diagnosed with any diseases, sexually transmitted diseases.
In the past, your body was poorly responsive to treatment with antifungal drugs, or they did not work.
The symptoms are not improving within 7-14 days.
The thrush is usually caused by the yeast mould Candida albicans. Many women have this yeast mould in a vagina without causing any symptoms, because vaginal secretions and beneficial bacteria keep it under control. The problem arises when the imbalance in vagina break, and Candida albicans begins to replicate actively. Thrush is not a disease, sexually transmitted infections, but sometimes it is transmitted during sexual intercourse. Therefore, during episodes of thrush should abstain from sex.
Some factors increase the likelihood of the thrush’s developing:
- The antibiotics. The thrush develops in approximately one third of women who take the antibiotics as these drugs kill good bacteria that live vagina;
- The pregnancy. Increasing female sex hormones, such as estrogen, contributes to the emergence of new episodes of the thrush during pregnancy. The thrush while pregnancy does not harm a fetus. However, the treatments of the thrush infections are harmful to a future baby and should be avoided.
- The Diabetes. The thrush’s episodes are often developed at women with uncontrolled diabetes – it is associated with periodic fluctuations of sugar levels at blood. With adequate treatment of the thrush, this disease at patients with diabetes appears no more often than at other women.
- The weakened immune system. The risk of the thrush’s symptoms is greatly increased if the immune system is weakened – as happens at people with HIV or who are undergoing chemotherapy. The acidic balance of vagina changes during menstruation, pregnancy, if there is diabetes, if a patient takes certain antibiotics, contraceptive pills and steroids. Excessive moisture and irritation of vagina may also contribute to the growth of the yeast bacteria.